By Nora C. England
This is often the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this present day by way of over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the nation of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of in depth fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language is predicated at the dialect of Mam spoken by means of 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in response to complementary rules: to investigate Mam following primarily conventional degrees of grammatical description and to give fabric in one of these means that the heritage info important for knowing every one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. consequently, England's research of the sound approach and morphophonemic strategies of Mam is by means of an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in studying a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's leading edge towards strengthening the ergative process. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is leading edge, and hence it's uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics series)
First is L -~ form transitive verbs from positional, affect, and transitiv Vowel harmony is probably only semi-produc Two suffixes show vowel harmony. 6 #74), which forms measure words. roots. The The vowel L They can be loosely classified as "causatives;" som 48 MORPHOPHONEMICS MORPHOPHONEMICS Table 1. Vowel Disharmonic Suffixes Preceding Vowel: (# of examples) i e described by the root, and some form a verb which indicates that the quality described by the root arises through the a o u 1 7 7 15, 17, 18, 19, and 20.
2 #26). Examples: 1 iyajii- 1 xb'alamii- 'dress' from xb'aalan 'clothing' t-xaqaniil 'stoniness' from xaqan 'rocky' -muu 2 ttx'attx'ajiil -wee 1 -nee -maa -wii -~ either have too few examples to see as clear a pattern, or ary as a data base. 1 -tx'ii -naa after back vowels and -puu after nonback vowels. after each possible root vowel, using the Ixtahuacan diction 1 -tz'ii -lee 2 1 -tz'aa It has the form also shows the same pattern of disharmony, but other suffixe 3 1 The most common of the suffixes is which shows almost perfect disharmony.
3p are not distinct and are therefore ambiguous because there is no way to differentiate the patient when the agent requires 1utive prefixes, cross-reference their agents with ergative an enclitic, unless the third person is indicated in a noun markers, and use the transitive forms of the suffixes of 2 mOde • The agent can be omitted entirely to express an phrase. Furthermore, the combinations: Table 2. Logically Possible: Is -+ 2s ( Is -+ 3s Is -+ Is -+ P 2 3p ! C 'I hit you/him/her/it' tJ > :2 rna ch-ok n-tzeeq'an-a 2s -+ Is 2s -+ 3s 2s -+ Ip excl 2s -+ 3p ma qo ok t-tzeeq'an-a ma ch-ok t-tzeeq'an-a 3s -+ Is ?
A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics series) by Nora C. England