New PDF release: A Short History of Indonesia: The Unlikely Nation?

By Colin Brown

ISBN-10: 1865088382

ISBN-13: 9781865088389

This succinct paintings of historical past charts the expansion of Indonesia, a awesome kingdom of greater than 6,000 inhabited islands. With lucid originality, the textual content contains greater than 2 million years of background with intensity and brevity-particularly concentrating on Indonesia's improvement right into a microcosm of a multi-ethnic sleek global. Many present issues are perceptively addressed, akin to the legacy of European-Asian exchange, Dutch colonialism, and the emergence of what has turn into the most important Muslim inhabitants on the earth.

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Extra info for A Short History of Indonesia: The Unlikely Nation?

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Pepper cultivation then spread to Sumatera, and by early in the fifteenth century the Sumateran port principalities had become substantial producers of pepper in their own right, and were selling it to China in place of the Indian crop. They were thus doing what Srivijaya had done successfully seven centuries earlier: substituting a local product for an imported one, securing for themselves not just the profits from trade, but also from production. The effect of the rising international demand for these products was to increase competition between merchants wanting to secure supplies direct from the producers.

Pepper cultivation then spread to Sumatera, and by early in the fifteenth century the Sumateran port principalities had become substantial producers of pepper in their own right, and were selling it to China in place of the Indian crop. They were thus doing what Srivijaya had done successfully seven centuries earlier: substituting a local product for an imported one, securing for themselves not just the profits from trade, but also from production. The effect of the rising international demand for these products was to increase competition between merchants wanting to secure supplies direct from the producers.

The bupati, while officially the representatives of the ruler, in fact usually exercised very considerable local autonomy. A significant link between the ruler and his various bupati was taxation. It was also through the taxation system that those local officials earned their incomes. Officials were not paid a salary; rather, they had the right to keep the difference between the taxes they could extract from their regions, and the net tax they paid to the ruler. This would clearly have put the bupati in a very powerful position to squeeze the local population in some cases, but not always.

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A Short History of Indonesia: The Unlikely Nation? by Colin Brown


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