Download e-book for kindle: A Student Grammar of Turkish by F. Nihan Ketrez

By F. Nihan Ketrez

A scholar Grammar of Turkish is a concise creation to Turkish grammar, designed particularly for English-speaking scholars and pros. Written with the desires of the learner a great deal in brain, it units out the grammar of the language in a transparent and jargon-free variety. The booklet not just explains the basics of the grammar, but in addition checks scholars' realizing in an interactive means with greater than 2 hundred routines. Key grammar issues are summarised in tables and there are many illustrative examples. a listing of grammatical phrases utilized in the e-book and a key to the entire workouts also are supplied. This crucial grammar and workout e-book can be utilized as a complement for college students learning the language, with a twin functionality as a reference consultant to appear up grammar issues, and as a source from which workouts might be set and language abilities practised.

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16. 17. ˙ Istanbul ne zaman geliyorsun? iniyorlar. Yolcular otob¨us birs¸ey istiyorum. Sen hos¸lanıyorsun? Sen en c¸ok ne t¨ur kitaplar hos¸lanıyorum. Ben polisiye romanlar korkuyorsun? Sen en c¸ok ne korkuyorum. Ben en c¸ok fare ˙ geliyor. Kim yarın Izmir hic¸ hos¸lanmıyorum. Ben s¸arkı s¨oylemek yeni bir s¨ozl¨uk alıyorum. Kitapc¸ı kac¸ıyor. Hırsız polis nefret ediyorlar. C ¸ ocuklar ıspanak bahsediyor? Bu film ne c¸ıkıyorum. Ben her sabah saat sekizde ev kalkıyor? Uc¸ak hangi terminal sebze alıyorsunuz?

Kim T¨urk kahvesi ic¸ti? As a location: C ¸ ocuklar sinemada sizi bekliyorlar. ˙ oturuyor. Annem Istanbul’da As a direction: Yarın Erzurum’a gidiyoruz. Kapıya mı bakıyorsunuz? 22 The noun: an overview As a source: Kediler ic¸eriye camdan girmis¸ler. Samsun’dan ne zaman geldiler? As a predicate: Selim u¨ niversite o¨ g˘ rencisi. Annem doktordaymıs¸. As a complement of a postposition: Bu c¸ic¸ekleri Selin ic¸in getirmis¸ler. Annem bile Orhan’ı tanıyamadı. 2 Nominal inflection As you see in the examples above, nouns bear case markers depending on the position and function they have in a sentence.

It is more common to say simply bas¸ım d¨on¨uyor. Expression of benim results in a contrastive reading: It is I who feel dizzy, not someone else. In the example with sizin above, parentheses are not used because it is a context where it would be more appropriate to use sizin. ’ so there is a contrastive reading of the subject. The word can ‘heart, soul’ is used with the possessive to express a special meaning. Canım sıkılıyor. ’ (literally, ‘my heart is bored’) Canım hic¸ ders c¸alıs¸mak istemiyor.

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A Student Grammar of Turkish by F. Nihan Ketrez

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