By Laurence Armand French Ph.D.
Substance abuse is an immense well-being and social challenge plaguing local americans either traditionally and at the present time. After offering the social and mental components that experience contributed to local American addictions and the styles of habit and conditions linked to this complicated and common challenge, French discusses the therapy, intervention, and prevention concerns dealing with therapists. He additionally explores the advance and effects of a brand new kind of habit, compulsive playing, concentrating on its courting to substance abuse. a massive contribution of this quantity is its evaluate and critique of regulatory acts documenting federal policy.
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The health care which Indians actually received in the first 100 years was delivered in a piecemeal, inconsistent fashion, and the few appropriations made were never large enough to meet the overwhelming need. There was always on on-going shortage of hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, convalescent centers, equipment, doctors, nurses, dentists, technicians, administrative and maintenance personnel, and staff housing. Preventive or general health care was not possible under these circumstances. Generally, health service was solely of the crisis type.
But with the foreign invasion, Indian health began to deteriorate. The natives had no immunity to the disease germs carried by Europeans. Their health was further impaired when they were forcibly removed from their traditional habitat and denied the practice of their customs, one of which was the use of the medicine man and his herbs for healing. The federal government made sporadic attempts over the years to attend to the poor health of Indians, but the cumulative effects of confining, unsanitary reservation life, combined with government rations, put the population into a cycle of deteriorating health and increasing susceptibility to still further illness.
C. Atkins sowed the seeds of allotment in his annual report: The Treaties of 1866, and other treaties also, guarantee to the five civilized tribes the possession of their lands; but, without the moral and physical power which is represented by the Army of the United States, what are these treaties worth as a protection against the rapacious greed of the homeless people of the States who seek homesteads within the borders of the Indian Territory? If the protecting power of this Government were withdrawn for thirty days, where would the treaties be, and the laws of the Indians and the Indians themselves?
Addictions and Native Americans by Laurence Armand French Ph.D.