By M. Riad El-Ghonemy
Affluence and Poverty within the heart East is an creation to the political economic system of the center East, concentrating on its such a lot salient beneficial properties - continual poverty and severe inequality. El-Ghonemy analyses the standards influencing the zone, together with its distinct old, non secular and cultural combine, in addition to its fiscal foundations and different types of corruption. for every issue he employs case-studies drawn from during the area, from Turkey to Sudan and Morocco to Iran. within the ultimate part El-Ghomeny discusses attainable options to the demanding situations dealing with the zone, together with attainable makes use of of a peace dividend, and the function of democracy.
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Extra resources for Affluence and Poverty in the Middle East
Reducing the consumer price without reducing the producer price. But not all food buyers are in need of subsidies, and no government can possibly know who are the truly needy, except through nutrition and household expenditure surveys. Thus, instead of the wasteful and politically favoured universal coverage, food subsidies should be targeted to the needy or to certain localities where the poor are concentrated. Case studies will enable us to judge whether governments tackle the root causes of food insecurity and undernutrition, or deal only with the eventual consequences of severe hunger (and famine in the case of Sudan).
1). , 1991; and World Development Report, 1992) has established a range of internationally comparable poverty lines per person at constant 1985 international dollars. This measurement enables us to estimate who are the poor and what is the possible magnitude of the numbers of the poor and poorest or destitute at the lower and upper poverty lines. e. the proportion of the population falling below the poverty line) is widely understandable, particularly by policymakers. Despite its statistical shortcomings, this method is used in this study.
Two alarming trends are related to the worsening food supply. The first is the increasing scarcity of water in the Middle East. With only 13 per cent of the average water supply per person that is available in the rest of the world, the region has the lowest availability of water per person in the world. Moreover, 53 per cent of the region’s population live in areas with less than the region’s average of about 1,071 cubic metres per person. This average is expected to halve by the year 2025. 5 billion hectares.
Affluence and Poverty in the Middle East by M. Riad El-Ghonemy