By Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig
This groundbreaking research examines the profits, contradictions, and frustrations of twenty-first century prodemocracy struggles throughout Southern Africa.
Three major Africa students examine the social forces riding the democratic transformation of postcolonial states throughout southern Africa. broad examine and interviews with civil society organizers in Zimbabwe, South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Namibia, and Swaziland tell this research of the demanding situations confronted via non-governmental organisations in touching on either to the attendant inequality of globalization and to grassroots struggles for social justice.
About the Authors:
Peter Dwyer is a teach in economics at Ruskin university in Oxford.
Leo Zeilig Lecturer on the Institute of Commonwealth experiences, collage of London.
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Extra resources for African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence
The emphasis of this study is on the diversity of social movement activism and organization on the continent. There is perhaps a tension between this and the authors’ assertion that the African urban working class has been central to the historical development of social movement activity on the continent. The question immediately arises as to how this class relates to labor organizations such as trade unions, particularly given the decline in formal-sector employment in many countries in the last two decades.
Intention and agency are not, however, simply at the mercy of determining “structural” forces. The core of social movement action is more complex and nuanced. As Barker has observed, certain revolutionary situations are concluded with the reassertion of existing power, others end in a stalemate, and some may actually become revolutions. 7_all pages 6/12/12 2:08 PM Page 24 24 AFRICAN STRUGGLES TODAY An important area of investigation is therefore the circumstances in which the aims and achievements of particular social movements are restricted to partial reforms by existing states, and where these develop into more radical transformative demands.
Further insight into the failures of independence came from national liberation leaders whose fight for self-rule was frustrated by settler colonialism. As they observed the realities of actually existing independence in other African countries, some analyzed the pitfalls of nationalism and developed political positions that sought to repeat their mistakes. 7_all pages 6/12/12 2:08 PM Page 33 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND THE WORKING CLASS IN AFRICA 33 Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde against Portuguese colonial rule, initially focused his political activity on Guinea’s urbanized coastal areas.
African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence by Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig