Download e-book for kindle: Agents of Witchcraft in Early Modern Italy and Denmark by L. Kallestrup

By L. Kallestrup

ISBN-10: 1137316977

ISBN-13: 9781137316974

ISBN-10: 1349593559

ISBN-13: 9781349593552

This ebook deals a comparability of lay and inquisitorial witchcraft prosecutions. In many of the early smooth interval, witchcraft jurisdiction in Italy rested with the Roman Inquisition, while in Denmark in basic terms the secular courts raised trials. Kallestrup explores the narratives of witchcraft as they have been laid ahead via humans enthusiastic about the pains.

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Example text

The strongest punishment, de formali, meant that the convicted had been sentenced to death. The decisive aspect of the abjuration was whether the accused was aware of the gravity of her actions. Did the convicted heretic know that she had summoned the Devil? Did she believe that it was possible to control the free will? 123 In reality this meant that if the convicted repented, then she would instead be able to be readmitted to the Catholic Church. The group of accused that risked facing the death penalty was very small.

Summis desiderantes referred to both male and female magicians, while Malleus malefifi carum focussed entirely on the female sex. It is equally worth noting that the selfish motives of the magician have now been replaced by the idea that witches harmed their surroundings without any particular reason except out of evil. The role of the Devil had also shifted. 56 Summis desiderantes is the only official statement from the Catholic Church that described the diabolical witch as, for example, someone who committed herself to the Devil and caused harm with her witchcraft purely for her own pleasure.

As the 16th century approached, the Catholic Church had been provided with a frame of reference that categorized as heresy the magical rituals performed by lay people in order to heal their cow or foretell the harvest. Such activity was, therefore, a case for the inquisition and for no other court of law. Sixtus V and the Coeli et terrae Almost a century would pass before a pope issued a bull relating to magical practices again. During this period, the Church had gone through what must be characterized as the most profound upheaval and transformation in its history.

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Agents of Witchcraft in Early Modern Italy and Denmark by L. Kallestrup

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