By Kathleen Kuiper
Using horses has maybe such a lot dramatically formed the lifestyle for local American tribes within the Plateau and Plains areas of North the United States, however the practices and traditions of either tradition components date again to a time lengthy sooner than Europeans ever touched American seashores, introducing their animals and customs to the continent’s indigenous peoples. This beautiful quantity examines the historical past and cross-cultural interactions that got here to be linked to the peoples of the Plateau and the altering cost styles of the Plains peoples, in addition to the cultural, social, and religious practices that experience outlined the key tribes of every quarter.
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Additional resources for American Indians of the Plateau and Plains (Native American Tribes)
During winter, when snowdrifts could reach six feet (two metres) or more, most village families lived in semisubterranean earth-covered lodges, usually one family to a lodge. Poorer families lived in simpler mat-covered houses. In summer the usual dwelling was either a domed house of poles and matting or a lean-to of brush. Sweat houses, used by both men and women, doubled as community centres for prayer and other religious activities. Religious belief focused largely on guardian spirits, whose aid was sought for all manner of human accomplishments.
Plentiful streams and lakes, adequate rainfall, and abundant game and fish made this area the most favourable part of the plateau between the Rockies and the Pacific Coast Ranges. Traits of both Plains and Plateau Indians are found in the Kutenai culture. After acquiring horses, they engaged in annual bison hunts beyond the Rockies and into the Plains. The advent of horse transport also increased the importance and frequency of military activities. Formalized war honours became a means of social advancement, and increasing numbers of war captives (women and children, mostly Blackfoot) made slavery, adoption, and intermarriage more common.
A newborn spent its day strapped in a cradleboard. Naming practices varied among the tribes. The training of the child was left to the mother and grandmother, but even young Sinkaietk boys could accompany their fathers on fishing and small-game hunting trips, while young girls helped their mothers about the house and in gathering wild foods. Children learned to be hardy through activities such as swimming in cold streams. Such exertions were generally supervised by grandparents. Disobedience was rare.
American Indians of the Plateau and Plains (Native American Tribes) by Kathleen Kuiper