New PDF release: American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform

By Harrell R. Rodgers

ISBN-10: 0765615959

ISBN-13: 9780765615954

ISBN-10: 0765622114

ISBN-13: 9780765622112

This re-creation of yankee Poverty in a brand new period of Reform presents a entire exam of the level, explanations, results, and prices of yank poverty approximately ten years after the passage of the private accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. the writer contains the most up-tp-date on hand demographic, price range, overview, and application facts to judge the impression of this sweeping laws on federal and nation guidelines, in addition to on poverty populations. This revised version takes under consideration the industrial slowdown that came about in 2001 via 2003. It examines the kingdom judgements approximately easy methods to enforce PRWORA, and the way adjustments have affected the poverty inhabitants and total welfare procedure. the writer identifies the optimistic implications of welfare reform besides difficulties that has to be addressed. New positive aspects for this variation contain an appendix of net resources a state-by-state tables of poverty charges.

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By comparison, the poverty rate for black married-couple families with children is much lower and 38 CHAPTER 3 has generally declined over the last twenty years. 5 percent, less than a fourth of the rate for single-mother families. In 2002 the median income of black married-couple families was $51,514, while the median income of black mother-only families was only $20,894 (Bureau of the Census, 2004c, Historical Tables, table F-7B). The median income of black married-couple families has made progress in catching up with white families.

6 percent). Of course, these changes produce an inadequate measure because they only address the income/benefit side of the problem. HOW MANY AMERICANS ARE POOR? 9 Source: Bureau of the Census (2003a), table 7. Note: Each estimate includes adjustments for geographic cost variations. 2 shows that the measurement of income can be substantially improved. A sophisticated measure of poverty would improve measures of income and include more realistic indicators of family income needs. In 1995 a research group appointed by the National Research Council recommended that a new poverty standard be based on more accurate calculations of income, noncash benefits, taxes, work-related expenses, and medical costs, along with more realistic estimates of actual needs and consumption patterns of families of various sizes (Citro and Michael, 1995).

Poverty rates among Hispanics are high, but have generally declined since the early 1990s. 5 percent, and Hispanics constituted about 25 percent of all the poor. Combined, the black and Hispanic populations make up about 26 percent of the population, but about half of all poor Americans. 4 provides insight into how the combined role of family structure and employment impact poverty. 8 percent, respectively). 1 percent) for families headed by a single woman. 0 percent when one or more family members are employed.

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American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform by Harrell R. Rodgers

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