Aquinas and the Jews by John Y.B. Hood PDF

By John Y.B. Hood

ISBN-10: 0812215230

ISBN-13: 9780812215236

Hood's research contends that Aquinas's writings stay immune to or skeptical of anti-Jewish tendencies in thirteenth-century theology. Aquinas units out just to make clear and systematize acquired theological and canonistic teachings at the Jews.

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31 Subsequent popes were equally inconsistent. 32 Nevertheless, the Talmud trial and the Inquisition's role in the Maimonides controversy established an important precedent: In both cases representatives of the Catholic Church had examined and condemned Hebrew books 36 Chapter 2 written by and for Jews. Technically, thcforis principle still held, since the Talmud as well as the writings of Maimonides had been condemned on the grounds of blaspheming the Christian faith, encouraging Jews to harm Christians, and interfering with Christian missionary efforts.

Despite some significant exceptions, most European Jews enjoyed such conditions until the late twelfth century. Jews everywhere were under the protection of the secular or ecclesiastical authorities. Crimes against Jews were tried in the courts of the king, prince, or bishop. The development in the first half of the thirteenth century of the legal doctrine that Jews were servi camerae, serfs of the chamber, merely formalized what had long been a social reality. Within their own communities, however, Jews were granted considerable autonomy.

The development in the first half of the thirteenth century of the legal doctrine that Jews were servi camerae, serfs of the chamber, merely formalized what had long been a social reality. Within their own communities, however, Jews were granted considerable autonomy. Local elders could punish crimes, collect tithes and taxes, control immigration, and expel troublemakers. In Germany, some communities were even allowed to confiscate the property of Jews who converted to Christianity. In exchange for protection and local autonomy, Jews were required to pay a variety of taxes.

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Aquinas and the Jews by John Y.B. Hood


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