Download e-book for kindle: Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics: A Revised Text by Aristotle, W.D. Ross (Editor)

By Aristotle, W.D. Ross (Editor)

ISBN-10: 0199244952

ISBN-13: 9780199244959

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Additional resources for Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics: A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary (Oxford University Press academic monograph reprints)

Example text

These allusions may, no doubt, be later additions to works written before these dates, but there are more weighty considerations that forbid us to place the Analytics at an earlier date. Aristotle was born in 384. We must allow time for the writing of the early dialogues, which probably occupied pretty fully Aristotle's twenties. We must allow time for the writing of the Topics, not only a long work but one which Aristotle himself describes as involving the creation of a -new 'TEXVTI out of nothing.

The fact that he did not see this must be traced to the fact that while he rightly (in the Posterior A nalylics) treats mathematical reasoning as the best example of strict scientific reasoning, he did not in fact pay close attention to the actual character of mathematical reasoning. In a chain of mathematical reasoning there are often syllogisms included, but there are also many links in the chain which depend on these other relations and cannot be reduced to syllogisms. For his examples of reasoning Aristotle depended in ·fact more on non-scientific reasoning in which special relations such as that of equality do not playa very large part, and subsumption plays a much larger part.

Which Aristotle points out in detail) led him to formulate his own theory. But there is force in Shorey's remark' that 'the insistent and somewhat invidious testing of the Platonic diaeresis by the syllogism reads more like the polemical comparison of two finished and competing methods than the record of the process by which Aristotle felt the way to his own discovery'. In particular, it is clear that syllogism has no connexion with the characteristic element in Platonic division, viz. the recognition of species mutually exclusive, and exhaustive of the genus; there is no 'either ...

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Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics: A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary (Oxford University Press academic monograph reprints) by Aristotle, W.D. Ross (Editor)


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